Governments and businesses joined farmers and local communities at COP26, securing new agreements to protect nature and accelerate the shift to sustainable agriculture and land-use practices by making them more attractive, accessible and affordable than unsustainable alternatives.
Alongside the events marking Nature and Land Use Day, marked the end of week one of COP26, with negotiations gathering pace and work focussing on week two.
Twenty-six nations set out new commitments to change their agricultural policies to become more sustainable and less polluting, and to invest in the science needed for sustainable agriculture and for protecting food supplies against climate change, laid out in two ‘Action Agendas’. All continents were represented, including India, Colombia, Vietnam, Germany, Ghana, and Australia.
Examples of national commitments aligned with this agenda included:
• Brazil’s plan to scale its ABC+ low carbon farming programme to 72m hectares, saving 1 billion tonnes of emissions by 2030
• Germany’s plans to lower emissions from land use by 25m tonnes by 2030
• The UK’s aim to engage 75 per cent of farmers in low carbon practices by 2030
The UK also announced funding of £500m to support the implementation of the Forest, Agriculture and Commodity Trade (FACT) Roadmap launched during the World Leaders Summit earlier, in which 28 countries are working together to protect forests while promoting development and trade. A further £65 million will support a ‘Just Rural Transition’ to help developing countries shift policies and practices to more sustainable agriculture and food production.
Countries’ Commitments will help implement the Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land Use, which is now endorsed by 134 countries covering 91 per cent of the world’s forests. The Declaration aims to halt and reverse forest loss and land degradation by 2030.
World Bank to spend in climate finance annually
COP26 President Alok Sharma said: “If we are to limit global warming and keep the goal of 1.5C alive, then the world needs to use land sustainably and put protection and restoration of nature at the heart of all we do.
“The commitments being made show that nature and land use is being recognised as essential to meeting the Paris Agreement goals and will contribute to addressing the twin crises of climate change and biodiversity loss.
“Meanwhile, I urge all parties to come to the table with the constructive compromises and ambitions needed.”
The World Bank will commit to spending US$25 billion in climate finance annually to 2025 through its Climate Action Plan, including a focus on agriculture and food systems.
In a show of similar commitment from the private sector, almost 100 high-profile companies from a range of sectors committed to becoming ‘Nature Positive’. Commitments include supermarkets pledging to cut their environmental impact across climate and nature-loss and fashion brands, guaranteeing their materials’ traceability.
Representatives from Indigenous and local communities participated in events throughout nature day. As stewards of 80 per cent of the world’s remaining biodiversity, Indigenous Peoples are leaders in developing nature-based, resilient and effective solutions to climate change.
Nature day also follows the announcement on Ocean Action Day on Nov 5 of over 10 new countries signing up to the ‘30by30’ target to protect 30 per cent of the world’s ocean by 2030. These were: Bahrain, Jamaica, St Lucia, Sri Lanka, Saudi Arabia, India, Qatar, Samoa, Tonga, Gambia and Georgia. Over 100 countries now support the target. — @Green