There are concerns regarding rebonding, which involves the application of various chemical agents to straighten the hair
The global market for halal cosmetic goods is anticipated to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.6 per cent during the next five years from the current time.
The cosmetics market sees more customers concerned with adhering to their religious beliefs. It is particularly true in the natural and organic beauty space. They give careful consideration not only to the components that go into making cosmetics but also to the methods that go into using them.
In the context of halal cosmetics, this issue underlines how important it is to preserve the validity of worship. In relation to this issue, there are specific exciting facts to ponder.
The use of restricted items such as human-derived materials like placenta, prohibited animals, insects, and illegal chemicals is one of them. Particularly noteworthy is using blood or stem cells in the cosmetics industry. The rapid development of innovative technology within the cosmetic industry has raised concerns over the legality of cosmetics containing these ingredients.
Because the use or consumption of forbidden substances is forbidden (haram) in Islam, cosmetics that contain such elements are not considered halal.
The use of chemicals in hair styling methods raises problems regarding the permissibility of the compounds that are employed and whether they can be used in worship. Concerns may be extended, for instance, regarding the practice of rebonding, which involves the application of various chemical agents to straighten the hair.
However, it is essential to remember that JAKIM and JAIN/MAIN do not recognise hair dyes as eligible for halal certification. However, the consensus about using chemicals in hair style is that it is permitted if the components utilised are halal and do not present any hazards (mudharat) to one’s health. Perspectives and fatwas issued by various religious leaders might lead to varying conclusions, which can cause viewpoints to diverge.
In addition, “sulam bedak” (BB Face Glow / Water Shine BB Glow) is another issue that must be considered while discussing halal cosmetics. The term “sulam bedak” refers to a form of temporary makeup application for the face that is gaining popularity. Even while “sulam bedak” can produce apparent beauty results, it is essential to analyse whether this approach involves halal materials and is per religious standards.
The conditions for “sulam bedak” must not change the creation that Allah made (taghyir khalqillah), must not result in permanent changes, must not pose any risk of danger, and the materials that are employed must originate from sources that are believed to be halal. In addition, the “sulam bedak” must not make it impossible for water to reach the face’s surface.
According to Irsyad Al-Fatwa Series 556, the ruling on “sulam bedak,” the regional muftis can offer constructive advice in this area. In their view, “sulam bedak” — a facial treatment that aims to mask cosmetic imperfections while removing dullness, black spots, freckles, and acne — is permissible if it satisfies the abovementioned conditions.
This type of “sulam bedak” is permissible so long as it does not involve taking in prohibited substances or the occurrence of potentially harmful results. Based on applying the fiqh maxim “la dharar wa la dhirar,” which translates to “no harm to oneself and no harm to others.” However, “sulam bedak” techniques that are permanent and comparable to tattooing are prohibited.
It is essential to consult with professionals in the field of skincare or respected religious authorities to establish whether the procedures and components applied in “sulam bedak” follow the principles of one’s faith. Individuals can make educated selections while selecting halal cosmetics and maintaining the validity of worship in their usage procedures if they grasp the viewpoints of regional muftis.
In a broader sense, the validity of worship regarding halal cosmetics requires not only taking into consideration the components that are employed but also the application methods. Following the requirements of MS2634:2019, NPRA requirements: 2017, ISO 22716:2007, and other documents that give instructions to ensure the secure application of cosmetic products, it is essential to consider the usage of prohibited ingredients and procedures such “sulam bedak” and hair colouring.
Individuals can guarantee that their use of cosmetics not only enhances their natural beauty but also supports the validity of worship within their religious environment by paying attention to the opinions of regional muftis and getting assistance from skincare professionals or religious authorities. Allahu ‘alam (Allah knows best).
By Dr Siti Syahirah Saffinee, Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Syariah and Laws. | HPB Halal Trainer